Authentication / No Multi-Factor Authentication
No Multi-factor authentication (CWE-287) is a vulnerability in authentication protocols that allows an attacker to gain access to systems or applications using only a single set of credentials. This vulnerability can be found in Infrastructure, Mobile App and Web and API. According to the OWASP Testing Guide, this vulnerability is best identified by testing for the presence of single-factor authentication processes, such as passwords, and then attempting to bypass them.
No Multi-factor authentication poses a high risk of unauthorized access to systems and applications. By using only a single set of credentials, attackers can easily gain access to sensitive information or resources. Furthermore, network and application administrators may be unaware of the presence of the vulnerability, further increasing the risk of unauthorized access.
The best way to mitigate this vulnerability is to implement a multi-factor authentication system. This system requires users to provide multiple pieces of evidence in order to gain access to the system or application. This could include a combination of passwords, biometric data, such as fingerprint scans, or one-time codes sent via text message or email. Implementing a multi-factor authentication system makes it much more difficult for attackers to gain access to sensitive information or resources.