Configuration Management / Content Type Is Not Specified
Content type is not specified is a vulnerability that falls under the category of Configuration Management in the Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) directory (CWE-20). This vulnerability occurs when there is no content type specified for data sent via Web and API requests. If a content type is not specified, the server may not be able to properly interpret the data it receives, which can lead to numerous security risks. This vulnerability can be detected through manual verification of the content type being sent, or through automated security tools such as those outlined in the OWASP Testing Guide.
This vulnerability can be exploited to cause severe security risks, including Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attacks, injection of malicious code, and data theft. All of these risks can lead to the compromise of sensitive data, including user credentials and financial information. In addition, it can be used to bypass authentication and access restricted resources.
The content type should always be specified for Web and API requests, and communication should be encrypted whenever possible. Additionally, data should be validated to ensure that it is properly formatted and does not contain any malicious code. Finally, security tools should be used to regularly scan for and detect any potential content type vulnerabilities.