Information Leakage / Publicly Accessible Staging/development Environment

Web and API


Publicly accessible staging/development environment is an IT vulnerability of the category Information Leakage. This vulnerability occurs when the staging or development environment is publicly accessible and can be reached by anyone. This means that confidential information can be accessed and may be used maliciously. This vulnerability is classified as CWE-532: Information Leak Through Log Files (aka 'Log Injection') and is described in the OWASP Testing Guide as “When an application writes internal state information to log files, attackers can use these log entries to gain access to sensitive information and compromise the system.”


The risk of this vulnerability is high as it can lead to unauthorized access to an organization’s confidential information. This can have serious consequences, such as financial and reputational damage, as well as loss of customer trust.


The solution to this vulnerability is to ensure that any staging or development environment is not publicly accessible. This can be accomplished by configuring access control and authentication mechanisms. Additionally, all log files should be encrypted and stored securely to prevent information leakage.


# The following code example checks if a staging environment is publicly accessible.

if (staging_env_public_accessible) {
  // Block access to the staging environment
  // Set authentication and access control
  // Encrypt and store log files securely

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