Information Leakage / Social Security Numbers Disclosed
Social security numbers disclosed is an information leakage vulnerability (CWE-200) that occurs when personal information, such as social security numbers, is stored insecurely and is accessible to those without the appropriate permissions. This type of vulnerability is most common in web and API applications, as well as databases, and can be exploited by attackers to gain access to sensitive information. According to the OWASP Testing Guide, the most common form of attack is a brute-force attack, where an attacker attempts to guess the credentials of a user.
The risk of this vulnerability is high, as it can lead to the disclosure of sensitive information. This information can be used to gain access to other systems, such as bank accounts, or can be used for identity theft.
The best way to prevent this type of vulnerability is to ensure that all user data is stored securely and that access to it is restricted to only those who are authorized to do so. Secure authentication protocols and encryption should also be used to protect sensitive data. Additionally, two-factor authentication should be used to further secure user accounts.